Certified Athletic Trainer | Educator | Motivator
Sandy Krum



You should consult your physician or other health care professional before starting these or any

other fitness program to determine if it is right for your needs. This is particularly true if you (or

your family) have a history of high blood pressure or heart disease, or if you have ever

experienced chest pain when exercising or have experienced chest pain in the past month when

not engaged in physical activity, smoke, have high cholesterol, are obese, or have a bone or joint

problem that could be made worse by a change in physical activity. Do not start these fitness

programs if your physician or health care provider advises against it. If you experience faintness,

dizziness, pain or shortness of breath at any time while exercising you should stop immediately.

This site offers health, fitness and nutritional information and is designed for educational

purposes only. You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace,

professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions

about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare


Do not disregard, avoid or delay obtaining medical or health related advice from your healthcare

professional because of something you may have read on this site. The use of any information

provided on this site is solely at your own risk.

Developments in medical research may impact the health, fitness and nutritional advice that

appears here. No assurance can be given that the advice contained in this site will always

include the most recent findings or developments with respect to the particular material.

If you are in the United States and think you are having a medical or health emergency, call your

health care professional or 911 immediately.